Car drivers across Britain are being warned that they could be at greater risk next year of the latest vehicle crime that’s already rife in the capital.
Catalytic converter thefts are prevalent in London, with organised criminals hacking the emissions-reducing devices – which contain expensive precious metals – from the underside of vehicles in broad daylight.
Damage caused by thieves frantically trying to strip them from vehicles are resulting in insurance claims of between £2,000 and £3,000, according to the AA, and in worst case scenarios have seen some motors written off entirely.
Analysis by Compare the Market has revealed which cities outside of the capital are already being hit by the crime-wave, and which locations have seen the greatest year-on-year increase in catalytic converter thefts.
Car crime that could sweep the UK in 2021: Catalytic converter thefts are most prevalent in London, but there towns and cities are already seeing a rise in cases
The data is based on device thefts reported to the police in the financial years from 2017/18 to 2019/20.
Only 20 UK forces responded to the comparison site’s Freedom of Information request, which was sent to 33 constabularies in total in August.
Analysis of the data shows how rife it has become in London. There were 15,237 recorded catalytic converter thefts over the three-year period in London – far more than anywhere else.
Birmingham was the second worst-hit area with 320 thefts, while Coventry was third with 287 thefts over the same period.
|Rank||Town/City||2017/18 thefts||2018/19 thefts||2019/20 Thefts||Total|
|Source: Compare the Market
*Figures Manchester and Bolton are not complete, as data is from a system that has not been updated since 9 July, 2019
Compare the Market’s report comes after BBC 5 Live reported in August that this type of theft has soared six-fold between 2018 and 2019.
It found that there were 13,000 reported cases in England and Wales last year – up from 2,000 in 2018.
In an added nasty twist, the BBC said criminals are actively going after vehicles owned by NHS staff – because they are parked for prolonged periods during shifts, giving them ample time to remove the devices.
The concerning stats has come hand-in-hand with an increasing number of stories and videos of gangs smashing the devices from underneath cars parked on the street and owners’ driveways – a repeating story that’s hitting headlines on the Mail Online.
Catalytic converters: Why are they being targeted by thieves?
Catalytic converters are, by law, fitted to all petrol cars manufactured from 1993 to reduce the harmful pollutants emitted from exhaust pipes.
The devices take the gasses produced and convert them into water vapour and less harmful emissions via a series of chemical reactions.
They are made up of an array of valuable materials including palladium, rhodium and platinum – and criminal gangs are well aware of this small fortune stored beneath your vehicle.
Currently, palladium is even more valuable than gold, having doubled over two years, while rhodium is more than four times higher in value than gold, according to a recent Money Mail investigation.
It found that a Troy ounce (1.1 ounce) of gold is worth $1,731 (£1,392), while palladium sells for $1,914 (£1,539).
Rhodium, which is sold in normal ounces, was priced at $8,300 (£6,675) an ounce in June.
Platinum is around half the value of gold currently.
With gangs likely to have regular buyers for the metals lined-up, criminals are unscrewing, sawing and hammering the devices off cars as quickly as possible to escape undetected.
Thieves even have models they’ve specifically earmarked for having the best-quality parts, according to insurer Admiral.
All are hybrid cars, which are ripe for thieves as the catalytic converters contain a higher concentration of precious metals and are generally less corroded.
Admiral says data shows the most susceptible hybrid models are the Honda Jazz, Toyota Prius, Toyota Auris and Lexus RX of all generations and ages.
Hybrid cars are ripe for thieves as the catalytic converters contain a higher concentration of precious metals and are generally less corroded. It’s no surprise then that the Toyota Prius – the most-bought hybrid in the UK – is among the list of cars criminals are preying on
Honda’s hybrid version of the Jazz is also on the shopping list of these organised criminals. The Jazz is popular among older drivers and therefore tend to have accumulated fewer miles, meaning their catalytic converters will be in good condition
The Toyota Auris hybrid (left) – the sister car to the Prius – has also been identified by Admiral as a prime target. The Lexus RX hybrid SUV (right) is another model that’s often preyed on by thieves of catalytic converters
UK locations where catalytic converter thefts have risen the most
Some locations have been identified by Compare the Market as having a small number of cases of thefts, but warns there has been a recent rise in the criminal activity.
Warrington – which is 14th in the list of worst-hit areas overall – had just one reported case in 2018/2019, but has in the latest financial year saw incidents rise to 28 – a growth of 2,700 per cent.
The second-biggest increase came in Wolverhampton – ranked eighth overall – as cases grew by 1,475 per cent from four in 2018/19, to 63 in the last financial year.
Coventry, meanwhile, saw a 652 per cent increase, while London – the hardest hit area by far – posted a year-on-year rise of 380 per cent from 2,600 in 2018/19 to 12,483 in the financial year 2019/20.
|Rank||Town/City||2018/19 thefts||2019/20 thefts||Year-on-year Increase|
|Source: Compare the Market|
The rising cases are despite Admiral’s claim earlier this year that catalytic converter thefts had declined when the UK went into lockdown from March.
However, it reported that there had been a ‘significant’ rise since June, when ‘stay at home’ restrictions had been lifted.
Lorna Connelly, head of claims at Admiral explained: ‘The increase since June has been significant, and shows thieves are back to stealing the precious metals found in catalytic converters in some cars, which are then being sold on for a profit.’
Police tips to keep your car safe from catalytic converter thieves
– If possible, park in a locked garage or in a well-lit, densely populated area
– If you don’t have access to a garage, park close to fences, walls or kerbs with the exhaust being closest to the barrier; this will make the theft more difficult
– Avoid mounting your car on the kerb to park as it gives thieves easy access
– If your catalytic converter’s bolted on ask your local garage to weld the bolts to make it more difficult to remove
– Consider a ‘cage clamp’ which locks around the converter
– Speak to your car dealership about a tilt sensor that activates the alarm if someone tries to jack up your vehicle
– If you see someone acting suspiciously under a vehicle, report it to the police
Organised criminals are scouring the streets for vehicles that are easy targets, carrying car jacks and tools to quickly remove the exhaust devices in another vehicle so they can make a quick getaway
How are devices being stolen, as experts warn that ham-fisted thieves are writing cars off
Organised gangs are scouring areas equipped with jacks to lift vehicles off the ground to allow for easy access to the valuable devices.
While more skilled thieves are unscrewing them from the underside of cars, others are taking a more ham-fisted approach and sawing or hammering them off the exhaust system, causing irreversible damage and resulting in some owners having to replace entire exhaust systems.
What are catalytic converters and why are they so valuable to thieves?
Modern cars are fitted with catalytic converters to reduce harmful emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere.
They contain a ceramic honeycombed core coated with metals such as platinum, palladium and rhodium.
The metals act as catalysts and convert the harmful gases into water vapour and less harmful emissions.
Criminals are ripping out the anti-pollution devices from cars and vans because they contain increasingly precious and sought-after metals such as platinum and palladium – leaving motorists with huge repair bills.
Soaring scrap metal prices have seen thefts increase ten fold in some areas.
The police and AA say that to help foil the thieves, catalytic converters can be uniquely marked in acid with a serial number.
Motorists are advised to keep their cars in garages or park in well-lit areas. Most converters are bolted on – but they can also be welded.
And because there is often no third party to claim against, drivers using their polices to cover repair costs are also losing their No Claims Discount, unless otherwise protected.
Last year, a video taken by a member of the public showed a gang holding up traffic on a busy London residential road in broad daylight to remove one of the devices from a parked Toyota Prius.
In August, a masked duo were caught on camera lifting up a parked silver Honda Jazz and cutting out the converter in a quiet street in Stoneygate, Leicester.
Some of those who have had the device stolen can face long waits to obtain a new one and get their car back on the road, thanks to the increase in thefts and fast-developing supply issues with parts.
This means they are unable to use their cars until a replacement part is fitted, else face fines.
Toyota said last year that it not envisaged the ‘rapid rise’ in thefts, which in turn ‘impacted our ability to source enough of the parts we need in some cases’.
In some instances it has resulted in vehicles being written off entirely due to the level of damage caused by thieves ripping the devices from the underside of cars.
Motoring association MotorEasy analysed 10,000 garage bills last year and found the average cost to replace a catalytic converter is up to £1,300, with over £900 of the cost being parts.
However, the AA says claims have amounted to anything between £2,000 and £3,000 when the devices have been sawed away from the exhaust.
Last year, AA Insurance said it had seen a marked increase in claims made by motorists who had catalytic converters pinched from their parked cars – some having had them stolen twice from the same motor.
Motorists caught by police driving a vehicle knowing the catalytic converter has been removed can even be fined up to £1,000 because the car will be producing higher levels of pollution than they are allowed to.
However, the additional sound the exhaust makes when a catalytic converter has been removed and not replaced will be so loud that motorists will be well aware there’s something amiss.
While the vehicle will still be driveable, removal of the device will trigger a warning light on the dashboard, reduce fuel economy and cause plenty of headaches from extra exhaust roar.
The catalytic converter is part of a vehicle’s exhaust system. Criminals in a hurry are sawing them off, causing irreversible damage that can result in repair bills of up to £3,000
What’s being done to tackle catalytic converter thefts?
Devices to secure your catalytic converter
Concerned drivers can can purchase devices that lock in around the converter to make it more difficult to remove.
Providers include Catloc and Catclamp, which can be installed on a number of different vehicles.
However, they’re not cheap, with prices as high as £250 for some models.
The Scrap Metal Dealers Act introduced in 2013 was designed to make life more difficult for thieves to sell stolen metal parts to dealers by banning cash sales and demanding firms to conduct identity checks on sellers.
But while councils are responsible to carry out inspections of licensed dealers – and close those found to be buying parts that have clearly been pinched – the BBC 5 Live investigation said enforcement levels are almost non existent.
The report found that of 240 licencing councils in England contacted, almost 120 had not visited any scrap dealers in the previous 28 months and many of the others had only inspected once or twice.
However, a small number had taken action against identified rogue dealers with support form the police.
The BBC report explained: ‘Part of the problem is that thousands of scrap dealers simply chose to drop out of the licensing scheme when the Scrap Metal Dealers Act came into force.
‘Many of those, says the industry, are now those dealers that advertise on the internet and buy catalytic converters with no questions asked.’
Nesil Caliskan from the Local Government Association, blamed councils ‘limited resources’ and ‘limited powers’ to tackle unlicensed operators, calling on the government to allow them greater enforcement to tackle the issue.
Police forces have also recognised the spike in catalytic converter thefts, with Kent Police receive a significant year-on-year increase in the number of the emissions devices being stolen, with 214 taken in the first 10 months of 2019 compared to 51 cases in all of 2018.
Palladium inside the devices was worth more per gram than gold last year, hence why gangs are targeting cars to steal them
The Scrap Metal Dealers Act was introduced in 2013 to force scrap-metal businesses to better vet sellers and not accept cash sales. However, abuse of the system means thieves still have an easy means of benefiting from the sale of valuable catalytic converters
Assistant chief constable Jenny Sims, who is the car crime lead for the National Police Chiefs’ Council, told 5 Live that the police is committed to tackling the thefts and the organised gangs behind them with ‘intelligence-led operations’, which they are undertaking at both ‘regional and national level’.
Mike Hawes, chief executive at the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders, told This is Money last year that catalytic converter theft is ‘of concern both to car owners and manufacturers’.
‘Car makers are taking what steps they can to make the crime as difficult as possible – some even modifying car designs to try to tackle the issue,’ he explained.
‘The industry is providing support and guidance to customers where required, and liaising with police forces to see what more can be done to apprehend the criminals and prevent further thefts.
‘In the meantime, police advice to consumers is that they should, where possible, park inside a locked garage, in well-lit areas and close to fences or walls to restrict access beneath the vehicle.’
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