The Securities and Exchange Commission has opened an investigation into whether German luxury car maker
manipulated sales figures, according to people familiar with the matter.
The regulator is looking into whether the Munich-based auto maker engaged in a practice known as sales punching in the U.S., the people said. Sale punching occurs when a company boosts sales figures by having dealers register cars as sold when the vehicles actually are still standing on car lots.
BMW acknowledged the investigation, but wouldn’t comment on the specifics of the probe.
“We have been contacted by the SEC and will cooperate fully with their investigation,” the spokesman told The Wall Street Journal.
The SEC couldn’t immediately be reached for comment.
The probe comes as the U.S. officials continue to pursue other car companies suspected of falsifying data and misleading investors.
NV in September agreed to pay $40 million to settle claims by the SEC that the company had for years paid dealers to report exaggerated sales numbers. The company said at the time it had reviewed and refined its sales reporting procedures and was committed to maintaining strong controls.
Fiat Chrysler also revised monthly sales results going back several years, nullifying a 75-month streak of sales increases. Under those revised methods, the streak ended in September 2013, three years earlier than it previously stated.
This year, Fiat Chrysler joined
General Motors Co.
Ford Motor Co.
in ending the practice of reporting monthly U.S. sales numbers. The companies now report their U.S. sales quarterly, while most other major car makers still disclose results each month.
The SEC investigation also follows 2015 indictments against
of Germany on charges of defrauding U.S. consumers and the U.S. government and violating the federal Clean Air Act by rigging diesel-powered vehicles to cheat emissions test. That case was brought by the Justice Department.
Volkswagen pleaded guilty to the charges in 2016 and has faced more than $30 billion in fines, penalties and compensation fees.
In addition, BMW faces litigation by European authorities on allegations of colluding with rivals to manipulate prices on technology to control emissions.
BMW, which has vowed to fight the case, in April took a $1.1 billion charge against earnings as a provision for potential fines from the matter.
BMW sold 322,862 vehicles in the U.S. in the first nine months of the year, an increase of 1.7% from a year ago, including its namesake BMW brands and its Mini brand.
BMW also has been under pressure in the U.S. because of the Trump administration’s trade war with China, which has hit BMW’s SUV exports from its Spartanburg, S.C., factory. BMW has responded by shifting some production from the U.S. to China.
—Nora Naughton contributed to this article.
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